Considering the requirement of modern world and overall ranking of Russian higher education system have made us stand before a hard question-is it the time to reform the Russian education system as a whole or can Russia continue with it’s present education system with ease or without any review.
It is difficult to find any easy answer. Russian education system is a blend of tzarist and communist education system. During tzarist era and communist rule Russia was able to produce beautiful minds in literature and ground breaking scientific inventions in all the fields of modern science. Someone who accuses Russian education system as backdated and someone who is not familiar with Russia’s rich tradition of science and culture and someone who is staunch westerner cannot dictate proper direction towards a new education system. Simultaneously it is also true that Russian education system needs to be equipped with new age ideas and new age management to go to the next level. We need to acknowledge as the sky has no limit, so as the perfection.
After the fall of soviet union, Russia went through a difficult time when proper and adequate funding was unavailable. All the education system suffered heavily due to that problem and massive brain drain hit country’s talent pool. Rampant corruption, oligarchic administration, severe poverty and acute lawlessness were the most prominent feature of that time.so the atmosphere of education, innovation and culture can easily be understood. But after yeltsin era Russia saw a stable govt,stable economy, stable income, increased quality of life under successful leadership of Vladimir vladimirovich putin.one may not agree, but that was certainly the fact.medvedev also did play an important rule to upgrade country’s education and research atmosphere.skolkovo saw the daylight as new innovation hub of modern Russia. Russian universities also successfully demonstrated their economic strength by admitting a huge number of students in professional field on self financing basis,this included the state budgetary support of each university.this had made tremendous impact on Russian education system which certainly lasted from the lurch.significant improvement in infrastructure of Russian university happened.
But there is long way to go ahead to establish Russia as an educational and innovation powerhouse as it was in her previous days. In this regard we may discuss the following points-
1)more budgetary support for education
2)more investment in research and innovation.
3)creating skolkovo like innovation hub across the country just like marshal plan.
4)high salary for professors,doctors and engineers
5)collaboration with foreign universities
6)publication of research journals in English language,so the ranking will be higher than present
7)more informative websites in both Russian and English language
8)creating a large resource of eBooks’ for different subjects
9)opening the door for highly talented individuals and making the research world more competitive
10)creating own brands of luxury items like Russian brands for television, washing machine, digital camera, mobile phones
11)high skill immigration and large scale foreign investment in technology sector
12)fair practice and transparency in military industrial complex to make the industry more efficient, professional and innovative
13)special scholarships and fellowship for Russian and foreign students
14)inviting best faculties from foreign land with lucrative package
15)free housing for professors,lecturers,teachers,doctors and engineers
16)free car facility to all the professors, senior doctors, senior engineers
17)adequate pension and social security scheme for all professionals
`18)partial privatization of education and health care,I am not telling to privatize govt universities and educational institutions but to give chance to private players to some extent to play a positive role,I will not suggest American educational system but a educational field firmly controlled by govt and private institutions will play complementary role
19)increase of tuition fees for foreign self financing students but there must be some competitive scholarships for foreigners who will also become a positive wealth and poster boy of particular university,that will ultimately promote brand Russia
20)gre,toefl.plab,usmle,amc like examinations must be introduced in various level to meet the professional standards.there is a state examination in Russia for professional education during final year but that does not seem to be adequate in present scenario.
21) massive drive for donations,fundings from prosperous businessmen and alumni across the world
22)educational loan facility and increase of tuition fees,it must not be done like the Americans and British.it should be increased in a manner where budgetary deficit may be met and no huge burden of repayment of educational loan would affect a student after passing out.
It is true that the present government is doing much more regarding this matter,but all the things must be streamlined and target oriented with a specific time span in a comprehensive way.nothing can change all at once,but honest effort and planning would certainly bear fruit in next five or ten years.